Monday, 21 April 2014    HomeAbout UsContact Us     



You are here: Home / Articles
Shaykh al-Islam Ibn Taymiyyah on Tabdeel and Shar' Mubaddal - Part 1
Filed under: Articles
Wednesday, January 26 2011 - by Takfiris.Com
Key topics: Tabdeel Istibdaal Mubaddal

Bookmark and Share

Mail to a FriendPrinter friendly

Introduction

Shaykh al-Islam Ibn Taymiyyah said in Majmu' al-Fataawaa (11/265):

وأما إذا أريد بالشرع حكم الحاكم فقد يكون ظالما وقد يكون عادلا وقد يكون صوابا وقد يكون خطأ وقد يراد بالشرع قول أئمة الفقه : كأبي حنيفة والثوري ومالك بن أنس والأوزاعي والليث بن سعد والشافعي وأحمد وإسحاق وداود وغيرهم فهؤلاء أقوالهم يحتج لها بالكتاب والسنة وإذا قلد غيره حيث يجوز ذلك كان جائزا أي ليس اتباع أحدهم واجبا على جميع الأمة كاتباع الرسول صلى الله عليه وسلم ولا يحرم تقليد أحدهم كما يحرم اتباع من يتكلم بغير علم . وأما إن أضاف أحد إلى الشريعة ما ليس منها من أحاديث مفتراة أو تأول النصوص بخلاف مراد الله ونحو ذلك ; فهذا من نوع التبديل فيجب الفرق بين الشرع المنزل والشرع المؤول والشرع المبدل كما يفرق بين الحقيقة الكونية والحقيقة الدينية الأمرية وبين ما يستدل عليها بالكتاب والسنة وبين ما يكتفى فيها بذوق صاحبها ووجده .

As for when the judgement of a ruler is intended by [the term] al-shar' (the legislation), then he could be oppressive, and he could be just, and he could be correct, or he could be in error. Evidences are sought from the Book and the Sunnah for the statements of ash-Shaafi'ee, Ahmad, Ishaaq, Daawood and others, and when a person blindly follows another person, [in the situation] that is permitted for him, then it is permissible. Meaning, that the following (ittibaa') of one of them is not obligatory upon the whole Ummah just like the following (ittibaa') of the Messenger (sallallaahu alaihi wasallam) (is obligatory upon the whole Ummah). And nor is taqleed of one of them prohibited in the same manner as following (ittibaa') the one who speaks without knowledge (is prohibited). And as for whatever a person ascribes to the Sharee'ah that is not from it, such as the fabricated ahaadeeths, or interpolating (ta'awwul) the texts in a way that opposes the desired intent of Allaah, and other such things, then this is a form of tabdeel (altering, changing). Thus it is obligatory to differentiate between the revealed legislation (ash-shar' al-munazzal), the interpreted legislation (ash-shar' al-mu'awwal) and the altered legislation (ash-shar' al-mubaddal), just as it is to be differentiated between the creational reality and the commanded religious reality and also between that which the Book and the Sunnah give evidence to and that in which (a person's) feelings and impulses are sufficed with.

Comments

In this statement it is clear that Ibn Taymiyyah is differentiating between what is the actual revealed legislation (al-shar' al-munazzal) and between the views and opinions of the scholars and jurists based upon the revealed legislation but which are their interpretations, and the altered religion (al-shar' al-mubaddal) which is whatever is ascribed to the religion but is not from it, and the prominent example of that is the fabricated ahaadeeth.

Thus, tabdeel is to ascribe something to the religion that which is not from it, and this applies across the board in all affairs of the religion (as we shall see from further quotes), in beliefs, in worship, in dealings, and in rulings. And this is why it is said about previous religions in that they were "alterered" (mubaddal) and those alterations being taken as the deen with Allaah, the Exalted, when Allaah gave no authority for those matters. And Ibn Taymiyyah wrote a work in refutation of the Christians who altered the religion of the Messiah, Jesus, and it is named, (الجواب الصحيح لمن بدل دين المسبح), The Correct Reply to the One Who Altered the Religion of the Messiah, and there is no doubt that what the Christians innovated was treated by them as being from the religion brought by Christ from his Lord.



Link to this article:   Show: HTML LinkFull LinkShort Link
Related Articles:
Add a Comment (comments are currently moderated)
You must be registered and logged in to comment.


The Revival of the Deen of the Khawaarij in the 20th Century (11)
Latest Articles
Imaam Ibn Baz on When a Land is a Land of Islam or a Land of Kufr
Takfiri Da'wah Thieves and Bandits: The Derby Da'wah Project
Shaykh al-Fawzan: Those Who Perform Terrorist Acts Are Worse Than the Kharijites of Old and Their Actions Resemble Those of the (Baatiniyyah) Qaraamitah
Usamah bin Laden is a Takfiri Kharijite And is Worse than the Kharijites of Old by Far
Lashkar-e-Taiba: Takfiri Kharijites Upon the Manhaj of al-Ikhwan al-Muslimeen - Part 4: Loyalty and Inclination Towards the Innovators and People of Desires
Lashkar-e-Taiba: Takfiri Kharijites Upon the Manhaj of al-Ikhwan al-Muslimeen - Part 3: Sayyid Qutb, Adnan Ar'oor and Tawhid al-Hakimiyyah
Lashkar-e-Taiba: Takfiri Kharijites Upon the Manhaj of al-Ikhwan al-Muslimeen - Part 2: Main Figureheads, Major Centres, and Main Objectives
Lashkar-e-Taiba: Takfiri Kharijites Upon the Manhaj of al-Ikhwan al-Muslimeen - Part 1: Origins, History and Evolution
The First of the Handholds of Islam to Be Broken is the Rule (al-Hukm) and the Last is the Prayer
Shaykh al-Islam Ibn Taymiyyah on Tabdeel and Shar' Mubaddal - Part 1
Learn the Arabic Alphabet more info
Search This Site

Most Popular
Hadeeth: The Kharijites Will Continue to Appear And Be Cut Off Each Time Until The Dajjaal (Anti-Christ) Appears Amongst Their Latter-Day Remnants
The Leninist Revolutionary Manifesto of Sayyid Qutb
Anwar al-Awlaki's Fictitious Attachment to Salafiyyah
Yusuf al-Qaradawi on Sayyid Qutb: All Muslims Are Apostates (Kuffaar, Mushrikeen) Except Those Who Agree With My Ideology and Join My Group
Invalidating Takfiri Doubts: Part 1 - Concerning al-Iltizaam (الإلتزام) and al-Imtinaa' (الإمتناع) - Part 2 of 2
The Cult of Omar Bakri Operating Within the United Kingdom Under Numerous Camouflages
Summary of the Principles Concerning Takfir of a Specific Individual: Takfir al-Mu'ayyan
Jewish Converts to Islam Promoting Leninism and Anti-Semitism
Sayyid Qutb And The French Connection: Alexis Carrel - The French Catholic, Social Darwinist Doctor That Influenced Qutb's 'Jaahiliyyah'
Abu Zubair Saleem Beg Defends, Promotes and Propagandizes for The Books Responsible For The Appearance and Revival of Sayyid Qutb's Deviant Doctrines of 'Jaahiliyyah', 'Jihad' and 'Takfir' in 21st Century Great Britain and United States

Tags
abdullah al-faisal abdullah el-faisal absent ummah abu az-zubair al-azzami abu muhammad al-maqdisi abu zubair saleem beg adam gadahn adam pearlman alexis carrel al-ghurabaa al-hukm ali al-timimi ali at-timimi ali juraisha al-maghrawi al-muhajiroon al-muhajirun anti-semitism anwar al-awlaki barbarism bin laden bin ladin dajjaal dajjal fareed abdul-khaliq fawzan ghulaat al-murji'ah gulf war haakim haakimiyyah hafiz muhammad sa'eed hizb ut-tahrir hukkaam ibn jibreen ibn jibrin innovated jihaad isaam barqawi islamic awakening istibdaal jaahiliyyah jahiliyyah joseph cohen kharijites khawarij khurooj kufr bawah lashkar-e-taiba laskhar-e-taiba leninism leninist takfiris mubaddal muhammad al-maghrawi omar bakri qawaaneen qutb qutbis qutbiyyah rebellion revolt revolutionary vanguard safar al-hawali sahwah salaah as-saawee salah as-sawi saleem beg saleem begg salman al-awdah salman awan saudi arabia saudi government sayyid qutb secular laws secularism sinful rulers suicide bombings tabdeel takfeer takfir takfir al-mu'ayyan takfir bil-ayn takfir of actions takfir of individuals takfir of sayings takfir ul-fi'l takfir ul-qawl takfiri movements takfiris tyrannical rulers usama bin laden usama bin ladin usamah bin laden vladimir lenin yusuf al-qaradawi yusuf khattab

Archives


© Takfiris.Com. All rights reserved.
Takfiris Kharijites Takfir